Compact Disc Discography
by Vernon Fitch
with contributions from Keith Klopp
© copyright Vernon Fitch / The Pink Floyd Archives
This is a discography of compact disc albums (CDs) that have been released in the United States by Richard Wright.
Any comments, corrections or additions to this discography would be appreciated.
Quick Click Guide
[Compact Disc Information]
[The Pink Floyd Discographies Page]
[Reference Directory] [Pink Floyd Archives home page]
- Richard Wright
- Wet Dream
- Broken China
- The Best Things in Life are Free sampler
- FMQB Rock Progressions #27 sampler
Compact Disc Information
- Bar Codes: Bar codes are a group of vertical lines found on the back cover of some CDs that are used for scanning purposes. By passing a CD with a bar code over a scanner, the scanner can read information about the CD instantly. The information in bar codes begins with the vendor code (first 4 digits), the catalog number, a format code ("1" for LPs, "2" for CDs, "4" for cassette tapes), and sometimes there is a final digit that is the barcode checksum. In recent years, there has been a trend towards using the entire bar code number as the catalog number of the CD.
- DIDP & DIDX Identification Codes: DIDP, which stands for Digital IDentification Project, is an identification code created by by Sony Records to track thier compact disc manufacturing. Each album manufactured by Sony will have a DIDP number on the disc. DIDX, which stands for Digital IDentification eXternal, is a Sony Records code that was used to track the manufacturing of compact discs by Sony for other companies. Each album manufactured by Sony for another company, such as the early Dark Side of the Moon compact discs that were manufactured at Sony's DADC plant for EMI Records, will have a DIDX number on the disc.
- Label Codes: Label codes are the 4 digit numbers that are found on the labels of some CDs. These label codes are designated by the IFPI to indicate the company that owns the rights to the property on the CD. Some of the registered labels codes are:
- LC 0148 - Capitol Records
- LC 0149 - CBS Records
- LC 0162 - Columbia Records
- LC 0542 - EMI Records
- LC 1305 - Harvest Records
- LC 1331 - EMIDisc Records
- Longbox Packaging: In the late 1980s and early 1990s, CDs were often released in a longbox to help record shops display CDs in deep bins made for vinyl record albums. The longboxes were a 12 inch long by 6 inch wide cardboard box inside which was the CD in a jewel case. The longbox was discontinued in early 1993.
- Manufacturing Dates (EMI / Capitol Records):
- 1983-1984 - The first Pink Floyd compact discs that were released in the U.S. (Meddle, Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here, The Wall, David Gilmour-About Face) were manufactured for the U.S. market by Toshiba-EMI in Japan. These CDs have all black labels and "Made in Japan" is designated on the label and cover.
- 1984-1985 - In 1984, Capitol Records began using the Sony DADC plant in Terre Haute, Indiana to manufacture CDs (prior to starting up their own manufacturing facilities in Jacksonville, Illinois). One of the first CDs that was produced at this plant was the first U.S. made issue of Meddle.
- 1985-1986 - Since CD manufacturing plants in the U.S. were still limited, many CDs sold in the U.S. at this time were imported from foriegn pressing plants. Some original releases of Pink Floyd compact discs by EMI in the U.S. were manufactured for the U.S. market by the following plants:
- Nimbus, Monmouth, U.K. (Piper at the Gates of Dawn, A Saucerful of Secrets)
- Philips/PolyGram, Hanover, West Germany (Ummagumma)
- Victor Company of Japan (JVC) (More, Atom Heart Mother)
- BMG Sonopress, West Germany (Obscured by Clouds)
- 1987 - EMI began producing CDs for the U.S. market at its plant in Jacksonville, Illinois (CAPITOL JAX), which had been a vinyl pressing plant since 1964. Most of the Capitol /EMI compact discs release in the U.S. during the late 1980s and 1990s were pressed at this plant.
- 2004 - In March, 2004, EMI announced that it was going to cease producing its own CDs and DVDs. Cinram International, a Canadian company, would take over the production of CDs and DVDs for all EMI companies previously supplied by the Jacksonville, Illinois, plant, which would be closed. Cinram produces CDs and DVDs for EMI out of its plant in Richmond, Indiana.
- Manufacturing Dates (CBS / Sony Records):
- 1984 - The original Columbia CDs released in the U.S. were made in Japan. These included the first issues of Wish You Were Here, The Wall, The Final Cut, David Gilmour, and The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking.
- 1984-1985 - The U.S. record industry began converting U.S. record plants to the manufacture of compact discs. The first such plant was the Digital Audio Disc Corporation (DADC) manufacturing plant in Terre Haute, Indiana, which opened in 1983 as a joint venture between CBS and Sony. The earliest U.S. pressings of Wish You Were Here, Animals, The Wall, and A Momentary Lapse of Reason were done by Digital Audio Disc Corp.
- 1988 - Columbia Records began producing CDs at its Pitman, New Jersey plant, which was an old CBS Records plant (it had been producing LPs since 1960) retrofitted to make CDs.
- 1995 - In spring 1995, Nimbus opened a CD manufacturing plant in Sunnyvale, California. Nimbus / CA pressed some Pink Floyd CDs, including P-U-L-S-E (1995), Animals (1997 edition), The Final Cut (1997 edition), and Is There Anybody Out There? - The Wall Live 1980-81 (2000).
- Matrix Information: Matrix information is the letters and numbers printed on a compact disc in the mirror band close to the center hole of the CD. Matrix information may be printed to be read from the top side (label side) of the CD, while other matrix information may be printed to be read from the bottom side of the CD. In some instances, matrix information is printed on both the top and bottom sides of the disc, with the bottom side matrix information being the mastering information, and the top side matrix information being the pressing information. In other instances, both the mastering and pressing information is printed on the same side of the disc.
The following matrix band information can be found on many compact discs:
- Catalog number - The identifying number given to the release by the record company.
- Manufacturer - On some CDs, on the plastic hub around the center hole (not on the shiny part of the disc), there is imprinted information about the disc manufacturer. (In this discography, this information is indicated in brackets.)
Examples of manufaturing information stamped on the plastic hubs:
[MANUFACTURED BY CBS / SONY] - CBS / Sony Records, Tokyo, Japan (hub first used in 1983)
[Made in USA - Digital Audio Disc Corp.] - Sony's Digital Audio Disc Corp., Terre Haute, Indiana (hub first used in 1984)
[CSR COMPACT DISC] - CBS / Sony Records, Tokyo, Japan (hub first used in apx. 1985/1986)
[CMU P] - Columbia Records, Pitman, New Jersey (hub first used in 1988)
[IFPI xxxx] - SID codes - the numbers following IFPI indicate different manufacturing plants (first put on CDs in 1994)
[NIMBUS/CA] - Nimbus U.S.A., Sunnyvale, California (hub first used in 1997)
- Manufacturer's Work Order Number - This often is in the form of the scan code that can only be read by a special scanner.
- Mastering Information - On some CDs there are three numbers separated by dashes, such as 2-2-1. These numbers refer to the father, the mother, and the stamper. In the example given, 2-2-1, the first 2 indicates that the CD was made from the second father, the second 2 indicates that the CD was made from the second mother made from the
second father, and the third number, 1, means that the CD was made using the first stamper made from the second mother (The stamper is what is installed in the mold machine).
- Pressing Plant - Pressing plant information is often found in the matrix, either as a part of the SID Code or as an abbreviation. For example, the letters "JAX" found in the matrix indicate that the CD was made at the EMI pressing plant located in Jacksonville, Illinois.
- Selection Source Master - On some CDs, the selection source master is designated by information such as "RE2." In the example given, "RE2" indicates that the selection source master is at revision level 2.
- SID Codes - On many CDs, there are two Source Identification Codes (SID Code) in the matrix band. The SID Code, which was introduced in April 1994, consists of the letters IFPI (which stands for the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry), followed by 4 or 5 additional characters. There are two different SID Codes found on CDs:
- Mastering Code - The first SID Code in the matrix band is the "Mastering Code." The Mastering Code begins with "IFPI" followed by a sequence of digits beginning with the letter L, followed by two numbers that indicate the pressing plant, and then 1 or 2 additional digits that indicate the Laser Beam Recorder (LBR) that cut the glass master. The Mastering Code is put on the CD at the time the glass master of the CD is cut by the LBR, and it appears on all subsequent pressings of the CD sourced from that specific glass master.
- Mould Code - The second SID Code on a CD is the "Mould Code." The Mould Code begins with "ifpi" followed by two digits that indicate the specific pressing plant that pressed the disc, and two additional digits that indicate the unique mould or stamper that pressed the CD.
SID Mould Codes, which indicate where a CD was stamped or pressed, include:
03 - Universal Manufacturing & Logistics, King Mountain, USA
14 - EMI Compact Disc pressing plant, Greenbridge, Swindon, England
15 - EMI Compact Disc BV pressing plant, Uden, Netherlands
16 - EMI Compact Disc pressing plant, Jacksonville, Illinois
38 - Zomax Optical pressing plant, Plymouth, Minnesota
45 - Sony Records pressing plant, Japan
50 - Sony Records DADC pressing plant, Terre Haute, Indiana
51 - Sony Records DADC pressing plant, Terre Haute, Indiana
61 - Cinram International, Richmond, Indiana
72 - Sony Records pressing plant, Pitman, New Jersey
2T - Nimbus Records pressing plant, Sunnyvale, California
AAH - MediaMotion Manufacturing BV, Uden, Netherlands
Note: The matrix information listed in this discography is not intended to be complete listings. This is known matrix information only. Matrix information from multiple copies is listed if known.
- Total Time: The total time for each CD is provided in minutes and seconds. Total time readings can vary by a second or two depending on the CD player or software program used to do the readings.
- Track Peak Levels: The peak volume levels for each song on a particular CD release have been noted in this discography. These peak volume levels are measured as percentages, with the maximum possible peak level being 100%. CDs that have differing peak levels from one issue to the next reveal that the CDs were made from different masters, while CDs with the same peak levels tend to indicate that they are from the same mastering.
Wet Dream CD
Sony Music Special Products
Title: Wet Dream (Sony Music Special Products)
Record Company: Sony Music Special Products, One Way Records
Catalog Number: A 24090
Bar Code: 0 7989-24090-2
1) Top: DIDP-079807 1 + ++ ++++++++
Production Mastering: Sony mastering
Release Information: U.S. release. AAD.
Total Time: 43:49
Track Peak Levels: 90.7 / 83.9 / 99.0 / 83.4 / 83.1 / 81.9 / 51.3 / 60.3 / 48.6 / 67.1
Front Cover: A boat. Title. Four-page booklet.
Back Cover: Title. Song titles. Bar code. In the lower left corner is A 24090, and the One Way Records logo.
Label: Blue Sony Music Special Products label with text in silver.
To the right of the center hole, it says:
Across the bottom edge of the label, it says:
Sony Music Special Products / Manufactured by Columbia Records
Broken China CD
Title: Broken China (Guardian Records)7243 8 53645 2 5 ©1996 The copyright in this sound recording is owned by Richard Wright Music Overseas Ltd. under exclusive license to EMI Records Ltd. ©1996 Richard Wright Music Overseas Ltd. Manufactured and distributed by Guardian Records, 810 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York 10019. All rights reserved. Unauthorized duplication, lending, public performances, and broadcasting of this record prohibited. Made in U.S.A. Stereo.
Record Company: Guardian Records
Catalog Number: 7243 853645 2 5
Bar Code: 7 24385 36452 5
1) Top: 1-1-1 Bottom: 8536452
Release Information: U.S. release on Guardian Records.
Production Mastering: Sony mastering
Release Date: March 25, 1997
Total Time: 59:24
Track Peak Levels: 41.3 / 100 / 77.9 / 100 / 56.8 / 100 / 100 / 61.9 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 76.5 / 70.9 / 100 / 92.1
Front Cover: A diver breaking up. Title. Twelve-page booklet.
Back Cover: A diver coming back together. Song titles. In the top right corner is A2 7243 8 53645 2 5, and the bar code. At the bottom, it says "Pink Floyd Music Publishers Ltd. P 1996 The copyright in this sound recording is owned by Richard Wright Music Overseas Ltd. under exclusive license to EMI Records Ltd. ©1996 Richard Wright Music Overseas Ltd. Manufactured and distributed by GUARDIAN Records, 810 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10019. Unauthorized duplication is a violation of applicable laws. All rights reserved. Printed in USA."
Cover Sticker: Issued with a maroon sticker on the shrink wrap that says " Rick Wright of Pink Floyd Broken China 7243 8 53645 2 5."
Label: Guardian Picture label.
Across the top edge of the label, it says:
The Best Things in Life are Free sampler CD
Title: The Best Things in Life are Free
Record Company: AIM Marketing
Catalog Number: BTI-9711
Release Date: 1997
Release Information: A sampler CD that features the Richard Wright song, Night Of A Thousand Furry Toys.
Cover: Title cover.
Label: Blue AIM label.
FMQB Rock Progressions #27 sampler CD
Title: FMQB Rock Progressions #27 - New Music For Progressive Adult Radio
Record Company: Friday Morning Quarterback
Catalog Number: PAR27
1) Bottom: DIDX-045951 1
Release Date: 1997
Release Information: A CD sampler hosted by Paula Cole that features the Richard Wright song, Night of a Thousand Furry Toys. Also includes Van Morrison, John Mayall & The Bluesbreakers, The Ocean Blue, William Topley, Leah Andreone, Leo Kottke, The Moon Seven Times, Freedy Johnston, Morphine, Billy Mann, Kim Richey, and Paula Cole.
Cover: Artist photo and title cover.
Booklet: [front] [2-3] [back] Four page fold-open booklet with song listing and credits.
Label: Silver, red and white label with track list.